read_file() reads a complete file into a single object: either a character vector of length one, or a raw vector. write_file() takes a single string, or a raw vector, and writes it exactly as is. Raw vectors are useful when dealing with binary data, or if you have text data with unknown encoding.

## Usage

read_file(file, locale = default_locale())

write_file(x, file, append = FALSE, path = deprecated())

## Arguments

file

Either a path to a file, a connection, or literal data (either a single string or a raw vector).

Files ending in .gz, .bz2, .xz, or .zip will be automatically uncompressed. Files starting with http://, https://, ftp://, or ftps:// will be automatically downloaded. Remote gz files can also be automatically downloaded and decompressed.

Literal data is most useful for examples and tests. To be recognised as literal data, the input must be either wrapped with I(), be a string containing at least one new line, or be a vector containing at least one string with a new line.

Using a value of clipboard() will read from the system clipboard.

locale

The locale controls defaults that vary from place to place. The default locale is US-centric (like R), but you can use locale() to create your own locale that controls things like the default time zone, encoding, decimal mark, big mark, and day/month names.

x

A single string, or a raw vector to write to disk.

append

If FALSE, will overwrite existing file. If TRUE, will append to existing file. In both cases, if the file does not exist a new file is created.

path

Use the file argument instead.

## Value

read_file: A length 1 character vector. read_lines_raw: A raw vector.

## Examples

read_file(file.path(R.home("doc"), "AUTHORS"))
#> [1] "Authors of R.\n\nR was initially written by Robert Gentleman and Ross Ihaka—also known as \"R & R\"\nof the Statistics Department of the University of Auckland.\n\nSince mid-1997 there has been a core group with write access to the R\nsource, currently consisting of\n\nDouglas Bates\nJohn Chambers\nPeter Dalgaard\nRobert Gentleman\nKurt Hornik\nRoss Ihaka\nTomas Kalibera\nMichael Lawrence\nFriedrich Leisch\nUwe Ligges\nThomas Lumley\nMartin Maechler\nSebastian Meyer\nPaul Murrell\nMartyn Plummer\nBrian Ripley\nDeepayan Sarkar\nDuncan Temple Lang\nLuke Tierney\nSimon Urbanek\n\nplus Heiner Schwarte up to October 1999, Guido Masarotto up to June 2003,\nStefano Iacus up to July 2014, Seth Falcon up to August 2015, Duncan Murdoch\nup to September 2017, and Martin Morgan up to June 2021.\n\n\nCurrent R-core members can be contacted via email to R-project.org\nwith name made up by replacing spaces by dots in the name listed above.\n\n(The authors of code from other projects included in the R distribution\nare listed in the COPYRIGHTS file.)\n"
#>    [1] 41 75 74 68 6f 72 73 20 6f 66 20 52 2e 0a 0a 52 20 77 61 73 20 69
#>   [23] 6e 69 74 69 61 6c 6c 79 20 77 72 69 74 74 65 6e 20 62 79 20 52 6f
#>   [45] 62 65 72 74 20 47 65 6e 74 6c 65 6d 61 6e 20 61 6e 64 20 52 6f 73
#>   [67] 73 20 49 68 61 6b 61 e2 80 94 61 6c 73 6f 20 6b 6e 6f 77 6e 20 61
#>   [89] 73 20 22 52 20 26 20 52 22 0a 6f 66 20 74 68 65 20 53 74 61 74 69
#>  [111] 73 74 69 63 73 20 44 65 70 61 72 74 6d 65 6e 74 20 6f 66 20 74 68
#>  [133] 65 20 55 6e 69 76 65 72 73 69 74 79 20 6f 66 20 41 75 63 6b 6c 61
#>  [155] 6e 64 2e 0a 0a 53 69 6e 63 65 20 6d 69 64 2d 31 39 39 37 20 74 68
#>  [177] 65 72 65 20 68 61 73 20 62 65 65 6e 20 61 20 63 6f 72 65 20 67 72
#>  [199] 6f 75 70 20 77 69 74 68 20 77 72 69 74 65 20 61 63 63 65 73 73 20
#>  [221] 74 6f 20 74 68 65 20 52 0a 73 6f 75 72 63 65 2c 20 63 75 72 72 65
#>  [243] 6e 74 6c 79 20 63 6f 6e 73 69 73 74 69 6e 67 20 6f 66 0a 0a 44 6f
#>  [265] 75 67 6c 61 73 20 42 61 74 65 73 0a 4a 6f 68 6e 20 43 68 61 6d 62
#>  [287] 65 72 73 0a 50 65 74 65 72 20 44 61 6c 67 61 61 72 64 0a 52 6f 62
#>  [309] 65 72 74 20 47 65 6e 74 6c 65 6d 61 6e 0a 4b 75 72 74 20 48 6f 72
#>  [331] 6e 69 6b 0a 52 6f 73 73 20 49 68 61 6b 61 0a 54 6f 6d 61 73 20 4b
#>  [353] 61 6c 69 62 65 72 61 0a 4d 69 63 68 61 65 6c 20 4c 61 77 72 65 6e
#>  [375] 63 65 0a 46 72 69 65 64 72 69 63 68 20 4c 65 69 73 63 68 0a 55 77
#>  [397] 65 20 4c 69 67 67 65 73 0a 54 68 6f 6d 61 73 20 4c 75 6d 6c 65 79
#>  [419] 0a 4d 61 72 74 69 6e 20 4d 61 65 63 68 6c 65 72 0a 53 65 62 61 73
#>  [441] 74 69 61 6e 20 4d 65 79 65 72 0a 50 61 75 6c 20 4d 75 72 72 65 6c
#>  [463] 6c 0a 4d 61 72 74 79 6e 20 50 6c 75 6d 6d 65 72 0a 42 72 69 61 6e
#>  [485] 20 52 69 70 6c 65 79 0a 44 65 65 70 61 79 61 6e 20 53 61 72 6b 61
#>  [507] 72 0a 44 75 6e 63 61 6e 20 54 65 6d 70 6c 65 20 4c 61 6e 67 0a 4c
#>  [529] 75 6b 65 20 54 69 65 72 6e 65 79 0a 53 69 6d 6f 6e 20 55 72 62 61
#>  [551] 6e 65 6b 0a 0a 70 6c 75 73 20 48 65 69 6e 65 72 20 53 63 68 77 61
#>  [573] 72 74 65 20 75 70 20 74 6f 20 4f 63 74 6f 62 65 72 20 31 39 39 39
#>  [595] 2c 20 47 75 69 64 6f 20 4d 61 73 61 72 6f 74 74 6f 20 75 70 20 74
#>  [617] 6f 20 4a 75 6e 65 20 32 30 30 33 2c 0a 53 74 65 66 61 6e 6f 20 49
#>  [639] 61 63 75 73 20 75 70 20 74 6f 20 4a 75 6c 79 20 32 30 31 34 2c 20
#>  [661] 53 65 74 68 20 46 61 6c 63 6f 6e 20 75 70 20 74 6f 20 41 75 67 75
#>  [683] 73 74 20 32 30 31 35 2c 20 44 75 6e 63 61 6e 20 4d 75 72 64 6f 63
#>  [705] 68 0a 75 70 20 74 6f 20 53 65 70 74 65 6d 62 65 72 20 32 30 31 37
#>  [727] 2c 20 61 6e 64 20 4d 61 72 74 69 6e 20 4d 6f 72 67 61 6e 20 75 70
#>  [749] 20 74 6f 20 4a 75 6e 65 20 32 30 32 31 2e 0a 0a 0a 43 75 72 72 65
#>  [771] 6e 74 20 52 2d 63 6f 72 65 20 6d 65 6d 62 65 72 73 20 63 61 6e 20
#>  [793] 62 65 20 63 6f 6e 74 61 63 74 65 64 20 76 69 61 20 65 6d 61 69 6c
#>  [815] 20 74 6f 20 52 2d 70 72 6f 6a 65 63 74 2e 6f 72 67 0a 77 69 74 68
#>  [837] 20 6e 61 6d 65 20 6d 61 64 65 20 75 70 20 62 79 20 72 65 70 6c 61
#>  [859] 63 69 6e 67 20 73 70 61 63 65 73 20 62 79 20 64 6f 74 73 20 69 6e
#>  [881] 20 74 68 65 20 6e 61 6d 65 20 6c 69 73 74 65 64 20 61 62 6f 76 65
#>  [903] 2e 0a 0a 28 54 68 65 20 61 75 74 68 6f 72 73 20 6f 66 20 63 6f 64
#>  [925] 65 20 66 72 6f 6d 20 6f 74 68 65 72 20 70 72 6f 6a 65 63 74 73 20
#>  [947] 69 6e 63 6c 75 64 65 64 20 69 6e 20 74 68 65 20 52 20 64 69 73 74
#>  [969] 72 69 62 75 74 69 6f 6e 0a 61 72 65 20 6c 69 73 74 65 64 20 69 6e
#>  [991] 20 74 68 65 20 43 4f 50 59 52 49 47 48 54 53 20 66 69 6c 65 2e 29
#> [1013] 0a

tmp <- tempfile()

x <- format_csv(mtcars[1:6, ])
write_file(x, tmp)