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The write_*() family of functions are an improvement to analogous function such as write.csv() because they are approximately twice as fast. Unlike write.csv(), these functions do not include row names as a column in the written file. A generic function, output_column(), is applied to each variable to coerce columns to suitable output.

## Usage

write_delim(
x,
file,
delim = " ",
na = "NA",
append = FALSE,
col_names = !append,
quote = c("needed", "all", "none"),
escape = c("double", "backslash", "none"),
eol = "\n",
num_threads = readr_threads(),
progress = show_progress(),
path = deprecated(),
quote_escape = deprecated()
)

write_csv(
x,
file,
na = "NA",
append = FALSE,
col_names = !append,
quote = c("needed", "all", "none"),
escape = c("double", "backslash", "none"),
eol = "\n",
num_threads = readr_threads(),
progress = show_progress(),
path = deprecated(),
quote_escape = deprecated()
)

write_csv2(
x,
file,
na = "NA",
append = FALSE,
col_names = !append,
quote = c("needed", "all", "none"),
escape = c("double", "backslash", "none"),
eol = "\n",
num_threads = readr_threads(),
progress = show_progress(),
path = deprecated(),
quote_escape = deprecated()
)

write_excel_csv(
x,
file,
na = "NA",
append = FALSE,
col_names = !append,
delim = ",",
quote = "all",
escape = c("double", "backslash", "none"),
eol = "\n",
num_threads = readr_threads(),
progress = show_progress(),
path = deprecated(),
quote_escape = deprecated()
)

write_excel_csv2(
x,
file,
na = "NA",
append = FALSE,
col_names = !append,
delim = ";",
quote = "all",
escape = c("double", "backslash", "none"),
eol = "\n",
num_threads = readr_threads(),
progress = show_progress(),
path = deprecated(),
quote_escape = deprecated()
)

write_tsv(
x,
file,
na = "NA",
append = FALSE,
col_names = !append,
quote = "none",
escape = c("double", "backslash", "none"),
eol = "\n",
num_threads = readr_threads(),
progress = show_progress(),
path = deprecated(),
quote_escape = deprecated()
)

## Arguments

x

A data frame or tibble to write to disk.

file

File or connection to write to.

delim

Delimiter used to separate values. Defaults to " " for write_delim(), "," for write_excel_csv() and ";" for write_excel_csv2(). Must be a single character.

na

String used for missing values. Defaults to NA. Missing values will never be quoted; strings with the same value as na will always be quoted.

append

If FALSE, will overwrite existing file. If TRUE, will append to existing file. In both cases, if the file does not exist a new file is created.

col_names

If FALSE, column names will not be included at the top of the file. If TRUE, column names will be included. If not specified, col_names will take the opposite value given to append.

quote

How to handle fields which contain characters that need to be quoted.

• needed - Only quote fields which need them.

• all - Quote all fields.

• none - Never quote fields.

escape

The type of escape to use when quotes are in the data.

• double - quotes are escaped by doubling them.

• backslash - quotes are escaped by a preceding backslash.

• none - quotes are not escaped.

eol

The end of line character to use. Most commonly either "\n" for Unix style newlines, or "\r\n" for Windows style newlines.

num_threads

Number of threads to use when reading and materializing vectors. If your data contains newlines within fields the parser will automatically be forced to use a single thread only.

progress

Display a progress bar? By default it will only display in an interactive session and not while knitting a document. The display is updated every 50,000 values and will only display if estimated reading time is 5 seconds or more. The automatic progress bar can be disabled by setting option readr.show_progress to FALSE.

path

Use the file argument instead.

quote_escape

Use the escape argument instead.

## Value

write_*() returns the input x invisibly.

## Output

Factors are coerced to character. Doubles are formatted to a decimal string using the grisu3 algorithm. POSIXct values are formatted as ISO8601 with a UTC timezone Note: POSIXct objects in local or non-UTC timezones will be converted to UTC time before writing.

All columns are encoded as UTF-8. write_excel_csv() and write_excel_csv2() also include a UTF-8 Byte order mark which indicates to Excel the csv is UTF-8 encoded.

write_excel_csv2() and write_csv2 were created to allow users with different locale settings to save .csv files using their default settings (e.g. ; as the column separator and , as the decimal separator). This is common in some European countries.

Values are only quoted if they contain a comma, quote or newline.

The write_*() functions will automatically compress outputs if an appropriate extension is given. Three extensions are currently supported: .gz for gzip compression, .bz2 for bzip2 compression and .xz for lzma compression. See the examples for more information.

## References

Florian Loitsch, Printing Floating-Point Numbers Quickly and Accurately with Integers, PLDI '10, http://www.cs.tufts.edu/~nr/cs257/archive/florian-loitsch/printf.pdf

## Examples

# \dontshow{
.old_wd <- setwd(tempdir())
# }
# If only a file name is specified, write_()* will write
# the file to the current working directory.
write_csv(mtcars, "mtcars.csv")
write_tsv(mtcars, "mtcars.tsv")

# If you add an extension to the file name, write_()* will
# automatically compress the output.
write_tsv(mtcars, "mtcars.tsv.gz")
write_tsv(mtcars, "mtcars.tsv.bz2")
write_tsv(mtcars, "mtcars.tsv.xz")
# \dontshow{
setwd(.old_wd)
# }