This is a fairly standard format for log files - it uses both quotes and square brackets for quoting, and there may be literal quotes embedded in a quoted string. The dash, "-", is used for missing values.
read_log(file, col_names = FALSE, col_types = NULL, skip = 0, n_max = Inf, progress = show_progress())
.zipwill be automatically uncompressed. Files starting with
ftps://will be automatically downloaded. Remote gz files can also be automatically downloaded and decompressed. Literal data is most useful for examples and tests. It must contain at least one new line to be recognised as data (instead of a path).
FALSEor a character vector of column names. If
TRUE, the first row of the input will be used as the column names, and will not be included in the data frame. If
FALSE, column names will be generated automatically: X1, X2, X3 etc. If
col_namesis a character vector, the values will be used as the names of the columns, and the first row of the input will be read into the first row of the output data frame. Missing (
NA) column names will generate a warning, and be filled in with dummy names
X2etc. Duplicate column names will generate a warning and be made unique with a numeric prefix.
cols()specification, or a string. See
vignette("column-types")for more details. If
NULL, all column types will be imputed from the first 1000 rows on the input. This is convenient (and fast), but not robust. If the imputation fails, you'll need to supply the correct types yourself. If a column specification created by
cols(), it must contain one column specification for each column. If you only want to read a subset of the columns, use
cols_only(). Alternatively, you can use a compact string representation where each character represents one column: c = character, i = integer, n = number, d = double, l = logical, D = date, T = date time, t = time, ? = guess, or
-to skip the column.
read_log(readr_example("example.log"))#>#> #> #> #> #> #> #> #> #>#> # A tibble: 2 × 7 #> X1 X2 X3 X4 #> <chr> <chr> <chr> <chr> #> 1 172.21.13.45 <NA> Microsoft\\JohnDoe 08/Apr/2001:17:39:04 -0800 #> 2 127.0.0.1 <NA> frank 10/Oct/2000:13:55:36 -0700 #> # ... with 3 more variables: X5 <chr>, X6 <int>, X7 <int>